Our dynamic planet is a treasure trove of several geological wonders, majestic and bizarre in nature. Some of them are part of folklore and are cultural symbols while some geological wonders simply invoke the sense of mysticism and are a sight to behold. These amazing geological formations are part of our planet’s natural heritages, shaped by the geological forces throughout the ages. Studying them promises to answer more questions about our beloved planet.
Check out some of the amazing geological wonders…
Moeraki Boulders, New Zealand
New Zealand is renowned for its sheer natural beauty and dramatic landscapes and Moeraki Boulders are one of the unique geological formations found here. The large spherical boulders located in the Koekohe Beach is a result of gradual soil erosion.
Mount Nyiragongo, Gomo, Congo
Mount Nyiragongo in Gomo, Congo resembles a gateway to hell as its volcanic lake shimmers in hues of bright red, orange and yellow at night. This active volcano last erupted in 2002 and is constantly emitting lava and pyro plastic flow.
Ice Caves, Vatnajokull Glacier, Iceland
The stunning translucent ice caves of Vatnajokull Glacier is an amazing place to explore and hike. The underbelly of the glacier unfolds in several shades of blue light due to its ice coverings.
Giant’s Causeway, Ireland
According to a popular legend, the huge, interlocking and hexagonal basalt rocks were formed by a giant to connect the land of Ireland with Scotland. Legend or scientific reason, whatever you chose to believe, Giant’s Causeway is an amazing sight.
Dallol Volcano, Ethiopia
Dallol Volcano, a part of the Danakil Depression, Ethiopia is a crater formed by basaltic magma along with several acidic mineral discharges which fused with high saline content to create a dramatic landscape made of yellow, orange and brown shades.
Svartifoss Waterfall, Iceland
Svartifoss Waterfall in Iceland, also known as Black Fall, is one of the stunning sights to admire in the vast expanse of Vatnajokull National Park. The dark lava columns jutting out of the cliff exhibit a unique pattern and background to the waterfall.
Valley of the Moon, Argentina
Ischigualasto Provincial Park also known as Valle de la Luna or Valley of Moon in Argentina is a strange place which resembles a distant planet. Several years of geological effects and erosion has carved the withered landscape.
Pamukkale, meaning “cotton castle” in Turkish, is one of the oldest tourism centres of the country. This stunning landscape comprised of limestone formations and hot springs in several natural pools and layered limestone makes it spectacular.
Great Blue Hole, Belize
The Great Blue Hole in Belize is a large natural sinkhole and is part of the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, a world heritage site. The deep blue waters of the limestone sinkhole filled with coral reefs and marine species are a sight for the sore eyes.
Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia
Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia is the world’s largest salt flat and is a popular tourism magnet in the South American country. Clear blue skies and light refraction gives a feel of walking and standing over a lake and is a selfie lover’s delight.
Zhangye Damxia Landform, China
Danxia Landform resembles a canvas of colours. This amazing geological formation is a large area of hills, valleys, and ravine comprised of rainbow colours all due to the presence of red sandstone and several other minerals. Certainly one of the most colourful places in the world.
Pink Lake, Western Australia
Pink Lake in Western Australia defy the norms of nature and breaks the typical image of deep blue lakes surrounded by pristine green forests. The water of the lake appears pink due to a rare species of algae which releases a red pigment with high saline content, giving it its distinct colour.
Cano Cristales, Columbia
Cano Cristales River is fondly known as “River of Five Colours” or “Liquid Rainbow” and is the most colourful river in the world. The red, yellow, orange, green and blue shades of the river is due to the presence of red coloured river beds and the presence of coloured rocks.
Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park
Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park is perhaps the best place on earth to witness the sheer force of nature and creation of geothermal activity. The lava flows over the layers of basalt black rocks and falls dramatically in the sea. One can actually witness and feel the power of nature and its dynamics in Hawai’i.
The Wave, Arizona, USA
The Wave is a stunning sandstone rock formation located in the Arizona-Utah border in the US State of Colorado. The typical U-shaped valleys and rock layers were formed due to years of erosion and water drainage. It’s a stunning place for hiking and camping.