The beautiful former Soviet country of Georgia resting high in the Caucasus Mountains at the meeting point of Europe and Asia is an unignorable tourist destination for travel-buffs. In a short span of only three month, from January to March this year (2018), it witnessed over a million international arrivals. If you wonder what makes this hotspot so desirable, the fun facts about Georgia below will give you a better picture.
1. Georgia is one of the oldest wine producing regions of the world
Georgia is the birthplace of wine. It was accidentally produced for the first time between eight to ten thousand years ago in the Caucasian region. The wine was created by the incidental fermentation on grapes that was later forgotten in a container.
2. Georgian script has a unique influence of Greek and Iranian languages
One of the unknown facts about Georgia is that it has its own writing system – the Georgian script, which was used to write in three different Georgian languages – Nuskhuri, Asomtavruli and Mkhedruli. This script originally had 38 alphabets but today, the Georgian language has 33 alphabets. One of these traits is the Georgian alphabet, which was influenced by the Greek and Iranian scripts but shaped into something uniquely Georgian. The language displays Greek influence in its letter ordering, while Iranian influences are also visible in the cursive shapes of the letters.
3. The world’s deepest cave – Veryovkina Cave in Georgia
If you are keen on the idea of going deep down in a steep vertical cave, the Veryovkina Cave is just the right thing for you. Hidden amidst the Gagra Mountain range of the West Caucasus region, the Veryovkina Cave is the deepest cave on the planet and is 7,257 feet deep. It is said that it takes approximately 27 days to reach the bottom of the cave. However, in the year 2018, Russian speleologists were able to scale down the cave in just a week.
Also Read: Best Time to Visit Georgia
4. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Country – Mtskheta
One of the most interesting historical facts about Georgia, apart from its spectacular landscapes, hidden caves and medieval churches; is its several UNESCO World Heritage sites. It includes the ancient capital city of Mtskheta, a huge cathedral complex of Bagrati and Gelati and the mountainous region of Svaneti.
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5. Europe’s highest settlement in Georgia – Ushguli
Ushguli has a wide collection of ancient villages situated in the mountainous region of Svaneti. It is recognized as the highest settlement in Europe, at about 2,100 metres (6,900 ft) above sea level. Its stunning landscapes, remarkable cuisine, indigenous traditions and reach hospitability, Svaneti is the must see destination is Europe.
6. Georgia – one of the most ecologically diverse countries in the world
As there are numerous climate zones that are ranging from alpine to subtropical and to semi-desert, Georgia is known as one of the most ecologically diverse countries in the world. Also few of the most exciting animals like bears, leopards and lynxes are found in the country’s dense forests.
7. Endless tourism opportunities
From trekking, climbing, bird watching, horse riding; exploring natural beauties to discovering the art of wine making, Georgia has something to delight every tourist. Take advantage of skiing at the cheapest ski resorts in Europe or dig into ancient cave cities or explore some of the finest medieval architectures in the world or simply relax at world class beach resorts. Georgia has something for everyone.
8. The Jewish community in Georgia is considered to be one of the oldest in the world
Georgian Jews in the Caucasus are one of the oldest communities in the world. Divided into two groups, Georgian Jews have a 2,600-years old history while the Ashkenazi Jews came to the country in the 19th century. There are approximately 3,000 Jews living in Georgia today.
9. Fun facts about Georgia: Georgia is a top destination for snowboarding and skiing
One of the fun facts about Georgia, Europe is that it is one of the best choices for those who love snowboarding and skiing. With more than 10 meters of snow every year, and home to the Winter Olympics in 2014, this place is renowned as the best skiing destination in Georgia.
10. Tbilisi is derived from Georgian word for warm
Tbilisi – the capital of Georgia, got its name from the Old Georgian word ‘Tpili’ which means ‘warm’. The city also has one of the longest and steepest funiculars in the world to enjoy the breathtaking views of the city from the top of the hill.
Also Read: Georgia: Jewel of the Caucasus