Temple of Ramses IIMassive and astonishing, this UNESCO World Heritage site houses an incredible array of ancient Egyptian monuments and is perhaps the most breathtaking temple of ancient Egypt. Its colossal rock-cut facade and immense Sun Temple of King Ramses II is a delight to behold. Two temples are carved into a mountainside, of which the larger one contains four colossal statues of Ramses II, guarding the entrance of the temple.
The Great Sphinx
The Gift of the NileThe massive statue and the first colossal illustrious sculpture in Egypt, the Great Sphinx is a national symbol of Egypt alongwith Nile River, running through its heart. Carved from a single piece of the Giza plateau, the Great Sphinx is a mysterious marvel from the times of ancient Egypt. A mythical creature with a human headed lion’s body, the Great Sphinx symbolizes strength and wisdom. Many legends have been related over years about the mysteries of the Sphinx. Some people believe that there are hidden rooms underneath the Great Sphinx!
Karnak and Luxor Temple
Most Sacred Monument
Luxor, the city of temples, was considered to be the residence of the Gods and the temple complex of Karnak, devoted to the Pharoah Amun. Despite the fact that it is badly ruined, the Luxor temple is the most impressive sight in Egypt. The Luxor temple, known to be ‘The World Largest Outdoor Museum’, is one of the best preserved ancient monuments, and houses several blessed holy sites and sanctuaries making it one of the most striking attractions of Egypt.
Surreal Desert Landscape
The Egyptian deserts are a mystery unlike any other. Siwa Oasis is the stuff of which dreams are made of. Vast, extending beyond the horizons, Siwa’s distinct landscape and cultural heritage sets it apart from the mainstream Egyptian culture. The city is brimming with thick palm forest, walled greenhouses and olive groves, with plenty of salt lakes and freshwater springs. Remote and surreal, the Western Desert around the oasis forms an unusual moon-like landscape. The oasis itself has local villages with ancient streets and houses built by mud brick that used to shelter locals and nomads of yesteryears.
The Keeper of Egyptian treasuresFilled with epic statues, the Egyptian Museum is a treasure trove. With more than 1, 20,000 items of antiquated Egyptian relics of the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods, the museum houses an unbelievable exhibit depicting ancient Egypt's glorious side. The most comprehensive collection of Papyrus and coins used by the ancient Egyptians, mummies, sarcophagi, ceramics, ornaments and of course King Tutankhamen's treasures; the museum gives an overwhelming feeling of discovery and mystery.
Temple of Hatshepsut
Valley of the KingsThe Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut is the centerpiece attraction of the Deir el-Bahri complex of mortuary temples and tombs located on the west bank of the Nile. A rare female Pharaoh, the temple of Hatshepsut was known as Djeser-Djeseru ("Splendor of Splendors "). It is one of the most distinctive temples in country, as it is built of limestone, not sandstone like most of the other funerary temples. A 100-foot causeway leads to the temple, which consists of three terraced courtyards covered in sculptural reliefs.
Pyramid of Djoser
Step Pyramid at Saqqara
The Egyptian believed in a soul that lived on after death, and they also believed that the afterlife is very similar to this life, so they ensured that their possessions were buried with them. These beliefs led to the creation of elaborate burial places. In ancient times, graves were designed like a fully-functional room made of mud, bricks and stone, so that people could enter to pay respects to the dead. But this changed during the third dynasty of the king Djoser, who built enormous Mastaba of stones (eternal house) on top of the other which led to the creation of ‘Step Pyramids’. The surface of these were made in smooth white limestone and reflects sunlight.