The majestic Caucasus Mountains with its regal snow-capped peaks, makes Georgia one of the most breath-taking lands that you’ll ever set foot upon. Stretching all the way from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus are home to some spellbinding summits such as Mount Kazbegi, Mkinvartsveri, and Mount Shkora. Besides offering intoxicating views, the Caucasus is also a hotspot for skiing and other snow sports.
Located on the eastern end of the Black Sea, Georgia shares its boundaries with Turkey to the south, Russia to the north and Azerbaijan to the east. The Republic of Georgia also includes the Ajara and Abkhazia autonomous republics and South Ossetia.
The country witnessed invasion by the Mongols in the 13th century, and in the 18th century, it became a vassal to Russia. Georgia grouped with Azerbaijan in 1917 and established the anti-Bolshevik Transcaucasia Federation. In 1918, Georgia declared its independence after the dissolution of the federation, and in 1936, Georgia became a separate Soviet Republican country. Currently, Georgia is a representative democratic semi-presidential republic, wherein the President is the head of the state and the Prime Minister is the head of the government.
The predominant religion in Georgia is Georgian Orthodox with more than 80% followers, followed by Muslims (10%), Roman Catholics (1.2%) and others. Georgian is the official language of the country, while a decent number of people also speak Russian and a few other dialects.
Georgia’s capital and largest city, Tbilisi, sports an eclectic mishmash of different cultures backed by a diverse history. Sitting coy along the banks of the Mtkvari River, Tbilisi is reminiscent of a quaint European town, brimming with medieval churches, ancient fortresses, narrow cobblestone alleys, charming courtyards and balconies, and old, rustic houses. There couldn’t be a more rewarding experience than taking a stroll along the cute, charming alleys of old Tbilisi, while soaking in the local lifestyle and journeying through the timeless history of Caucasia.
Immerse yourself into the near-mystical charm of Mtskheta, the spiritual heart of Georgia and also one of its oldest towns. Declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, Mtskheta is home to some of the oldest and most significant churches of Georgia. Nestled at the confluence point of the Aragvi and Mtkvari Rivers, the laidback Mtskheta town boasts of some extraordinary historical landmarks including Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, Jvari Monastery, St. Nino Monastery, Armazi Fortress, and more.
Tourism is a significant contributor to the country’s economy. The top tourist attractions in Georgia include more than 2000 mineral springs, 12,000 historical and cultural monuments, and a few other UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The majestic Caucasus Mountains with its regal snow-capped peaks, makes Georgia one of the most breath-taking lands that you’ll ever set foot upon. Stretching all the way from the Black Sea t...