The land-locked country of Botswana is nestled in south-central Africa and shares borders with Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. A majority of the country’s land is flat, and lies near the Kalahari Desert which occupies the western part of the country, while the eastern province is hilly, with salt lakes in the North. Botswana boasts of being home to most of the world’s San (bushman) population and half of today’s population belongs to the ethnic Tswana community. The Capital and the largest city of Botswana is Gaborone.
Botswana was initially inhabited by the San community, followed by the Tswana. The country was first encroached by the Zulus in the 1820s and then by the Boers in the 1870-80s. In the year 1961, Britain granted Botswana a constitution and self-governance began in 1965. The country finally became independent in 1966, and is now known as Africa’s oldest democracy. Botswana follows a Parliamentary Democratic political framework.
Christianity is the predominant religion in Botswana with a majority of 70% citizens affiliating with it. Hindus and Baha’is are among the other ethnic religions followed in the country. The official language is English, while Setswana is also both, the official, as well as the national language of Botswana.
Botswana is famous for its wildlife, and 1/5th of the country’s area is filled with wildlife parks. The Okavango Delta with the Okavango River is one of the country’s popular wildlife destinations along with the Chobe National park, Makgadikgadi Pans National Park, Nxai Pan National Park, Mokolodi Nature Reserve and the Gemsbok National Park. Tourists are also drawn to this country by the tasty, authentic Braai cuisine of the native Botswana communities.
The land-locked country of Botswana is nestled in south-central Africa and shares borders with Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. A majority of the country’s land ...