Situated in northeast Africa on the Gulf of Aden at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, the Republic of Djibouti is a picturesque desert country full of highlands and stony deserts. Djibouti shares its borders with Ethiopia in the south and west, Eritrea in the north, and Somalia to the southeast. The remaining border constitutes Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Beautiful coastal plains, volcanic plateaus and the beautiful central and southern regions of Djibouti make up the country’s geographical significance. Interestingly, with a meager 8,958 square miles of land, Djibouti is a large wasteland with practically zero arable land.
Djibouti is primarily made up of Afars, the immediate descendants of Arab immigrants who settled down in 3rd century B.C. Decades later, the Somali Issas entered Djibouti and thus began the Islamic influences over the country. The French acquired Djibouti in a treaty with the Somali sultans in the period between 1843 and 1886. In 1977, the new independent nation of Djibouti was created after gaining sovereignty from the French. The semi-presidential republic of Djibouti is ruled by the executive powers of the central government formed by the Djiboutian National Assembly.
With a majority of 94% of the country’s population following Islam, Djibouti is a true Muslim state. However, a small section of Christians (6%) also thrive in harmony with the natives. French and Arabic are the official languages of the state. The climate is predominantly hot and humid with maximum temperatures often reaching up to 400C. Winters see the mercury levels dropping up to a mild 160C.
With the plenty of wildlife, and flora and fauna, rich art and culture, authentic cuisines and native tribes, Djibouti is a tourist’s abode offering a gamut of attractions coated with culture and history, apart from popular scuba diving and snorkeling hotspots. Tourists may experience the thrill of visiting the Lake Assal, which is home to the 3rd lowest point on the entire earth.
Situated in northeast Africa on the Gulf of Aden at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, the Republic of Djibouti is a pict...