A tiny country located towards the west of Europe, the Netherlands (also known as Holland) shares borders with Germany on its east and Belgium on the south. On the northwest, the Netherlands is surrounded by the North Sea. Amsterdam is the capital city, while Hague and Rotterdam are the other two most important cities of the country, which has been functioning as a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy since 1848.
Following the defeat of Napoleon and his troops in 1813, the United Kingdom of the Netherlands was established, which included Belgium. However, Belgium broke away from the union in 1830 to form an independent state.
The name ‘the Netherlands’ means ‘low country’, which is apt because of the country’s flat and low geography. It is essentially a large plain dotted with rivers, coasts, lakes and canals. As a result, even the climate is temperate and a tad windy, with mild winters and cool summers. The country has a charming blend of natural beauty, rustic Dutch countryside, and dynamic culture. Owing to its flat topography and the plain roads, Netherlands is a heaven for bikers, and also features thousands of miles of well-paved roads for cycling.The people of the Netherlands are normally referred to as “Dutch”, which is also the name of the country’s official language. The other languages widely spoken here include Frisian, French, German and English. Majority of the Dutch population is Roman Catholic (30%), while other minority religions include Dutch reformed Church, Calvinist, Muslims, amongst others.
A tiny country located towards the west of Europe, the Netherlands (also known as Holland) shares borders with Germany on its east and Belgium on the south. On the north...