A sovereign nation located in South Asia, Pakistan is a controversial yet fascinating land home to lush valleys, vibrant markets, endless mountain ranges, and jaw-dropping mountainous scenery. The country shares land borders with Iran on the southwest, Afghanistan on its west, China on its far northeast, and India on its east. On its south, Pakistan is bordered by a coastline that opens out to the Arabian Sea. Islamabad is the capital and Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan .
Home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world, the Indus Valley Civilization (2500-1700 BC), the beginning of human life in South Asia can be traced back to Pakistan. For the next several centuries that followed, Pakistan was annexed by a series of invaders including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Arabs, and Turks. In the 1500s, the territory came under the Moghul Empire, who ruled the Indian subcontinent till mid-18th century, until the British took over. Owing to religious differences, the Indian subcontinent was divided into India and Pakistan, leading to the creation of Pakistan as an independent nation for Muslims in 1947. A new constitution was adopted in 1956, with Pakistan becoming an Islamic republic.
Almost 97% of Pakistan comprises of Muslims, while the remainder are a mix of ethnic minority groups including Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and more. Though Urdu is the official language of Pakistan, it is spoken by a meagre 8% of the population. Punjabi is spoken by more than 45% of the populations. Other languages like English, Pashto, Balochi and Sindhi are also spoken across the country. Depending on the time of the year, Pakistan’s climate varies from hot summers (April-July) to monsoon (July-September) to cool winters (November-March).
Apart from the breath-taking mountain ranges and incredible natural scenery, Pakistan offers its visitors a sizzling concoction of an irresistible cuisine, rich traditional music, abundant wildlife, various architectural wonders, spell-binding outdoors, and scenic meadows and mountain passes.
A sovereign nation located in South Asia, Pakistan is a controversial yet fascinating land home to lush valleys, vibrant markets, endless mountain ranges, and jaw-dropping mountainous scenery. The ...