Occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea along with a few offshore islands, Papua New Guinea is the second largest island in the world after Greenland. Officially known as the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, this stunning island country is located just north of Australia, in the south-western Pacific Ocean, and is surrounded by the Bismarck Sea, Solomon Sea and Coral Sea. Port Moresby is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea. The rustic charm and beauty of this country can be explored via its scenic landscapes, spectacular wildlife, pristine beaches, remote villages and the myriad tribes and cultures.
The island was inhabited by various indigenous tribes including the Melanesian and Papuan tribes for thousands of years until the Portuguese set foot on the islands in the early 16th century. During the centuries that followed, the island was annexed by various other conquistadors including the Dutch, the Germans, Britain, Japan and Australia. After the Japanese forces invaded the island in 1942, the island was liberated by Australia in 1945. The island nation finally gained full independence in 1975. Today, the island is a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth (current monarch) as its Sovereign and Head of State. Executive powers, however, are vested in the Prime Minister.
Papua New Guinea is known to be one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world, with majority of the population living in customary communities and speaking over 700 different languages. English is spoken within government and business circles. Over 95% of the population identify themselves as Christians. The country experiences a hot, tropical climate at seal levels, which gets cooler towards the highlands. The months between December and March experience maximum rainfall.
Without a doubt, the most compelling aspect about Papua New Guinea is the fascinating tribal life and cultures it beholds in the numerous tribal villages dotted along its lap. Visitors are also drawn to this mesmerising island nation’s extensive wildlife and ecosystems ranging from mountains to beaches to volcanoes and forests. Bird-watching, scuba diving, trekking, fishing, and surfing are a few activities tourists can enjoy here.
Occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea along with a few offshore islands, Papua New Guinea is the second largest island in the world after Greenland. Officially known as the Indepen...