Ranging from the arid coastal region to the towering peaks of the Andes to the enchanting Amazon rainforest, Peru’s extraordinary biodiversity amazes one and all. Known as the Republic of Peru officially, this South American country shares its borders with Colombia and Ecuador in the north, Brazil in the east, Bolivia in the southwest, and Chile in the south. The Pacific Ocean looms large on the western end of the country. Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru.
Before the Spaniards invaded Peruvian territory, it was a part of the legendary and powerful Incan Empire. In 1532, Spaniard Francisco Pizarro defeated the Inca Emperor and invaded Peru. Spain kept a hold on the country till 1821, when Peru declared independence. However, Peru’s independence was only recognised 1866. After achieving independence, the country still underwent turmoil and political unrest as it transited from oligarchy to democracy. Today, Peru is a democratic republic and is a developing country.
Peru sports a true cultural blend with a number of ethnicities like Europeans, Asians, Africans and Amerindians coexisting together. Majority of Peruvians are Roman Catholics (81.3%). Though the most widely spoken language in Peru is Spanish, other native dialects are also spoken by a significant amount of Peruvians.
Peru has more than plenty to offer to visitors in the form of tropical forests, sun-kissed beaches, magnificent mountain ranges, snowy peaks and scenic deserts. Peru is also known for its rich history, ancient culture and archaeology, and is home to the Machu Picchu, one of the most popular and renowned archaeological sites across the globe.
Ranging from the arid coastal region to the towering peaks of the Andes to the enchanting Amazon rainforest, Peru’s extraordinary biodiversity amazes one and all. ...