One of the two portions of the Korean Peninsula, the Republic of Korea is known for its rapid urbanization and growing economy. With North Korea to its north, and sea borders with China in the west and Japan in the east, South Korea is placed precariously in eastern Asia. South Korea as it is popularly called, as a consequence of its friendly disposition attracts tourists in droves. The extensive tourism industry and a peaceful juxtaposition of the rural alongside the modern is what the country offers to its guests. Mansions, national parks, palaces, villages and castles dot the landscape around the country.
The earliest human civilization in Korea dates back to 2333 BC. There was the promise of peace, way back in 668 when the three kingdoms of Korea ruled over the region. It was a golden period, a time for culture, science, technology and literature to flourish. Korea got its independence post the World War II from Japan, which had forcibly annexed it in 1910. South Korea became a United States zone of occupation after the war came to an end. With two different ideologies gaining a foothold on two different regions, a division was inevitable. Following the Korean War, the lines were irreversibly drawn, leading to the formation of the two nations, South and North Korea in the 1953.
The official language of the country is predominantly Korean. The origins of the language lie in the Chinese phonetic system. Korean cuisine has undergone many changes over the centuries. The main food items are tofu, noodles, rice, fish, vegetables and other meat dishes. 46% of the Koreans have no religion preference while 23% are Buddhists, 11% Catholics and 18% are Protestants.
A subtropical climate covers the region with a brief rainy season along with occasional showers in summer and a torrid winter when temperatures go below -20 degree Celsius. Mountain ranges, river basins and coastal plains make up the landscape of the country. Seoul is the capital and its most urbanised city. The capital region is home to approximately half of the country’s population (25 million). The electronics giant Samsung and world’s fourth-largest carmaker Hyundai are based in South Korea.
One of the two portions of the Korean Peninsula, the Republic of Korea is known for its rapid urbanization and growing economy. With North Korea to its north, and sea borders with China&n...